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Home 17 October 2019
Culture Traditional forms of Art - Professions made of stone Epirus Ioannina

View of the entrance, Arximandriou Church, Ioannina
View of the entrance, Arximandriou Church, Ioannina
View of the church, Arximandriou Church, Ioannina
General view, Arximandriou Church, Ioannina
Detail from behind the church, Arximandriou Church, Ioannina
Detail, Arximandriou Church, Ioannina
House plan
Single story square house
Single story square house
House plan
House plan
Two story oblong house
Two story oblong house
House plan
Roof perspective
Characteristic detailed view of roof
Roof section
Bird’s eye view of roof (linear)
Window
Newer house
Newer house
Newer house
Newer house, western wall, “afaits”, with the bouxari
Newer house, front door
Newer house, stroto window
Newer house, basement window
Window with tzinetia
Window with pitchers and tzinetia
Front door with lintels and cornerstones with Greek key
Cooking pot with chain to hang over fire
The bouxaris
Barrel
The xliarologos with the plate-rack
Windows with porches
The center of the ceiling
Yard with bench
Square manor in Kalarrytes
Section of the square in Kalarrytes
The first bas-relief, the face of the angel with the crucifix
The second bas-relief, the bird with the date
The second bas-relief, the bird with the date, close-up
View of the old market of Ioannina
View of the old market of Ioannina
Traditional Confectionary
Traditional bakery
View of the old market of Ioannina
View of the old market of Ioannina
Old neighborhood of Ioannina
Old traditional house in Ioannina
Old traditional house in Ioannina
View of a stone home
View of the castle of Ioannina
View of stone building inside the castle
View of the stone entrance to the Castle
Castle detail
Stone house inside the castle
Stone house entrance
View from the castle interior
Detail from the castle interior
View from the castle interior
View from the castle interior
View from the castle interior
Stone portal in the castle
View from the castle interior
Detail from a stone portal inside the castle
Detail from a stone portal inside the castle
Stone pathway inside the castle
Detail from a stone portal inside the castle
Stone portal inside the castle
Stone entrance of the castle
Exterior view of the castle
Detail from a stone portal inside the castle
Exterior view of the castle
Detail of the castle interior
Exterior view of the castle
Exterior view of the castle
View of a stone coffeehouse in Ioannina
Public Museum, Mosque in Ioannina, View of the Museum
Public Museum, Mosque in Ioannina, View of the exterior
Detail from a stone archway
The Mosque
Stone pathway leading to the Museum
Detail from an old stone door
Public Museum, Mosque in Ioannina, View of the exterior
Detail from a stone archway
Public Museum, Mosque in Ioannina, View of the Mosque
The Mosque
Public Museum, Mosque in Ioannina, Detail from the exterior
Public Museum, Mosque in Ioannina, View of the entrance
The Mosque
Fetihie Mosque Ioannina - Exterior view
Fetihie Mosque Ioannina - Exterior view
Stone door
Fetihie Mosque Ioannina - Interior detail
Stone wall
View of the castle from Its Kale
View of the castle and the Mosque
View of Misiou manor in Ioannina
Peristeras Monastery Dourouti, Monastery courtyard
Peristeras Monastery Dourouti, View of the Monastery
Peristeras Monastery Dourouti, Well inside the Monastery
Peristeras Monastery Dourouti, Interior detail
Stone pathway
Peristeras Monastery Dourouti, Monastery entrance
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Topics
made of stone
textliles
Silver work
Wood sculpture
Hagiography - Painting
LOCATION
Epirus
Zagori
Ioannina
Konitsa
Krapsi
Lakka Souli
Pyrsogianni
Tzoumerka
Tsepelovo
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04/09/2007
The works they build

comitech

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Throughout the centuries the Ipirite masons have built great works. Manors and simple humble homes, churches large and small with towering steeples, monasteries, schools, mills, olive presses, water presses, inns, fountains and others.
Bridges with one arch or many arches, smaller or larger, built primarily in the 18th and 19th century, these works of renowned Ipirite masons are magnificent architectural monuments, examples of a rich traditional heritage in the area of the art of stonework. Perfect construction, symmetrical, harmoniously tied to the environment, stable and standing the test of time and the difficult weather conditions.Even when the builders increased in numbers, they still knew their craft perfectly, because they learned the work from a young age and from the beginning. The promotion to each grade was gradual and under the watchful eye of the head mason. Aside from this, because they worked in pairs, the outside man (the best) had to care how the inside man was building, because they both built the wall together.
The skill of the mason was also tested in the construction and more in taller houses. Even the simplest wall needed skill in order to be built well, especially in the junction of the inner and outer stones: the “batikes” stones that reach quite deeply inside the wall cover each other in the successive layers, as if forming a pillar, a support. These “binding” pillars, in a job well done, were every 1 m. Other difficult points were the “columns” (the narrow pillars between the windows), when the wall was “verga” (namely it was not tied with others vertical to it), the last “dema” or “kourso”, namely the high point of the wall (because the stones were lifted by hand one by one by the masons on the same ladder), the defining of the angle of the roof for masons who were illiterate and the “tsivikoma” on the tiling of the roof. Many illiterate masons were unable to calculate the angle of the roof, while for the head mason the “tsati” was easy work. Many of the houses, according to the desire of the owner, were decorated with various stone carvings. They are found on the south wall, on the “façade”, right and left of the arched lintel of the front door. Their purpose was not only to decorate the home or to accentuate a certain element, but another, primarily symbolic. Relief forms of oval male faces, angels with open wings, crosses, birds with open wings. The face is the guardian angel of the home. The cross is clearly a symbolic element, to ward off evil and protect. The bird is the dove, a symbol of good spirit, a symbol of peace.
In Ipirus during the period of Turkish domination many other buildings were made, that reveal that the Byzantine technical tradition and ability was preserved. Large churches with complex combinations of domes and arches and many smaller ones with simpler combinations, large and elaborate mansions, many mosques with domes and magnificent minarets (only in Ioannina in 1856 there were 17 mosques).
Wonderful stone-built communities and villages such as Pyrsogianni, Vourbiani, Molitsta and others in Mastroxoria, Aristi, Papiggo, Tselepovo, Dilofo and all the villages of Zagori, Syrrako, Kalarrytes and other villages of the Tzoumerka or traditional communities in the areas of Metsovo and Pogoni, with covered stone arched doorways, fountains, cobbled stone pathways, give off an amazing sense that is in complete harmony with the environment and reveal masters with perfect architectural training.
Wondrous churches with beautiful steeples such as Saint Vissarionas in Filippiada, in Mixalitsi the church of Saint Nikolaos, in Xouliarades the church of Saint Paraskevi, in Papiggo the church of Saint Vlasios, in Tselepovo the church of Saint Nikolaos, in Monodentri the church of Saint Athanasios, in Konitsa the church of Saint Nikolaos, in Ioannina in Archimandrio and elsewhere.
Majestic monasteries, true spiritual oases, places of resistance in a time of spiritual poverty, in accessible or difficult to reach areas, are beautiful architectural examples. The monastery of Kipina, Viliza in Matsouki, Tsoukas, Prodromou in Plaisia, Mouxousi near the village Raftanaioi, Douroutis, Metamorphosis in Sistrouni, Romanou, Panagias Toskesi in Axladia Lakkas Souliou, Zoodoxou (Tzontila) in Eleousa, Prophet Elias in Zitsa, Pateron in Lithino Zitsa, Paliouris, Sosinou in Parakalamo, Vellas, Avel in Vissani, Seltsou and Makraleksi in Pogoni, Molyvdoskepastis, Kokkinis Petras in Anthoxori Metsovo, Saint Nikolaos in Metsovo and so many others.Beautiful examples of architecture are also the Mosques, such as for example those we see in the Castle of Ioannina.
Of course one could not fail to mention the Castle itself, which begins at least from the 13th century, the period when Michail III made Ioannina a great commercial and political center of the greater area of Ipirus. In 1611, after the revolution of Dionysios the Philosopher, the destruction both within and outside the Castle was extensive, in order to be rebuilt at a later time and repaired in the period of Ali Pasha (1815), when intense construction activity went on. Certainly the stone masons from the greater area would have participated in the rebuilding of the Castle with the imposing semi-circular and square towers, on the older Byzantine wall.
All the above are indubitably works of the minds and hands of the Ipirite masons.
Also within Ioannina, the largest urban center in Ipirus radiating to the entire Greek area, these wandering masons or direct descendants, build large, rich and elaborate manors, such as that of Stavros Ioannou (1802) and A. Misiou (1843). They build even though there are masons in the city, because it is certain that at least the fame of the Vourbianites and Zoupaniotes wandering masons is better than that of the locals. That is why mastronikolas Georgiou, that builds the manor of Misiou, proudly puts next to his name the word “vorbianitis”, which is how he would have been known. Even if these masons only worked in the city, it appears that the rumour that these areas turned out the best masons, was alive and they also preserved it with their work.