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The loom and other implements


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Accessories of the loom are the following:
1)Anti: wooden cylinder placed on the front part of the loom and the woven cloth is rolled around it. Along its entire length it has a groove, frequently from end to end, where is affixed an ell in order to keep the warp in place and keep the woven cloth from slipping. The end of the cylinder is called tail of the anti. Its one edge ends in a thick square head with holes for the clamp to fit.
2)Clamp: short peg that is tied in one of the holes of the head of the anti. It acts as a lever. When the clamp is pressed, the anti turns, collects the cloth and the warp is tightened. The clamp is fixed with a rope.
3)Katadetis: wooden or iron rod that is tied very close to the anti. It is used for the tying of the branches of the warp and their proper tightening.
4)Pisanti: it is the rear anti, the same as the anti. It does not have a groove, its head is right or left depending on what suits the weaver. The warp is rolled on the pisanti after the diasimo.
5)Gardi: wooden or iron thin rod used to affix the warp to the pisanti.
6)Pananti: it is the upper anti. It is not also encountered, but only in certain sitting looms. It is one more beam parallel to the pisanti. While the anti and the pisanti spin, the pananti remains fixed.
7)Petal: it is the name of the entire comb, namely the rod of the petal, the spathes, the comb and the comb-woods.
a) Rod of the petal: rod from where the entire system of the petal hangs.
b) Arms: the two side pieces of wood that hang from the rod of the petal.
c) Comb-woods: they are two and connect the two spathes together at the bottom portion of the petal. They must be heavy to assist in the better swing of the system.
d) Comb: fits between the comb-woods. It is comprised of two rods called the antirides, between which are found teeth at equal distances between them. The spaces between the teeth are called ports. The comb keeps the strings of the warp parallel, regulates the distance we want the strings of the warp to have between them, guides the shuttle and finally is used in the beating of the woof and the woven cloth.
8) Miti: single eyes or loops, the sum of which comprises the mitari.
9) Patithres: legs located under the bottom part of the loom, under the seat. Patithres are connected with the loom with a mitaroverga (rod of the mitari) and stepping on them lifts the mitari and opens the lips of the mitari.
10) Reels: pulleys, usually wooden that are used for the up-down motion of the mitari.
11) Seat: the seat in front of the loom where the weaver sits.
12) Cross-rods: two smooth rods that enter before the warp between the branches of the warp. They maintain the crossing and the order of the warp throughout the duration of the weaving.
Aside from the parts of the loom it is useful to mention the various tools used during the weaving:
1)Bobbins or reeds
2)Shuttles: facilitate the passing of the woof through the lip of the warp and accelerate the weaving. They have various shapes but in Ipirus the most prevalent is the shuttle like a boat.
3)Perastiri of the mitari: metal hook on a handle that helps in the passing of the yarn of the warp through the eyes of the mitari when the mitari are metallic.