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Culture Traditional forms of Art - Professions textliles Epirus Tzoumerka

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Woven garments – clothing


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In the village of Tzoumerka and mainly in Syrrako and Kalarrytes the garments are simple and plain. The formal attire of the women is characterized by the seggouni, just as described for the other regions. Seggouni in many variations such as: with 15 rows of braids for the formal ones, 13 for ‘secondary’ ones, in younger women the braids were red while for the elderly women they were black. During periods of grieving the seggouni is the “sodi” which was simple and dark.
The everyday clothing of the Tzoumerkiotisian women was mainly comprised of knit skirts and velvet blouses. They include the skirt, “kotila”, which was a sleeveless dress, with straps that reached the shins, in two or three rows of velvet sewn around the fabric. Over the skirt they wore the klisto, “skourti”, gileki, which in front was checked and in the back sewn with another piece of fabric. When the skourto was not worn they wore the “polka”, like a sleeved blouse that buttoned at the shoulder, with a belt at the waist. Underneath they wore a wool undershirt.
The ‘good’ dress of the animal breeders was a wool dress with a straight sleeve, open in front in order to show the gileki on the inside, which was woven with a bit of velvet. The attire was completed with a wool apron.
For bridal attire they used imported brocade fabric. Against their skin they wore a fully embroidered shirt, next a velvet and gold-embroidered vest, open to the middle of the chest. The bodice was decorated with lace. The apron was made of atlazi. Over it all they wore a black siggouni with red braiding.
The most customary fabrics for attire were cotton, the skaltero, samaroskouti which had four heads and passed through the comb in one ply.
Work-clothes were mainly a wool woven skirt, a cloth blouse, woven apron, tsarouxia (shoes) and wool socks, embroidered at the ankles and toes.