Yarns of plant origin
Cotton: cotton is the most common fiber of plant origin. The cultivation, gathering and treatment of cotton were done by hand. In the prefecture of Ioannina cotton was not systematically grown because of the mountainous soil of the area. Cotton was grown in the neighboring prefectures of Ipirus however the residents were familiar with the mysteries of these cultivations. Indicatively we mention that the treatment of cotton followed a similar course with that of wool. It must first be stacked, beaten with the bow, an activity corresponding to the combing and carding of wool; it was then wound in bolts and was ready for the spinning, the reeling, the scalding, and the transition to the spinning wheel and in the end the final winding of the thread on the wheel. With all these activities the cotton had become yarn and it was ready for the loom. The cotton yarn destined for the warp, in order not to curl and withstand the stretching must first be subjected to an additional treatment. This yarn was starched either with watery batter or with rice water. Cotton material was especially valued in Pagoni, in Delvino and the villages of Dodoni.
Flax: natural weaving fiber with an especially toilsome process. In Ipirus its use is encountered in the villages near Delvino. When referring to the use of flax as weaving material in Ipirus, it was used for thick textiles because it contained coarse fiber. The heart of flax was the skouli which was spun with a special manner and required a lot of work.
Rush: material barely used in Ipirus, mainly by economically weak agrarian populations.