KOURENTA - DOUSKARA REGION/NATURAL GEOGRAPHY
A mountain range of low mountains, Kourenta, is interrupted by Tomaros, which rises high in the southeast of the area. In the area are two rivers, Kalamas and Tyria. The first flows, among dense vegetation, between Kasiriaris and Kourenta. The second passes between Kourenta and Tomaros to flow into Kalamas. Low hills, small plateaus, mountain basins, quiet valleys are the home of 18 villages whose neighbourhoods are scattered. Plane trees, hollies, pasture lands and a lot of oak trees (douskos in local dialect) west of the river Tyrias and Kalamas after which the area is named: Douskara. Kourenta residents are predominantly farmers, Douskara residents predominantly stock-farmers. A place where beauty is in the air as a young visitor observes on her website. Between Vrosyna and 5 Ekklisies, Kalamas pierces the rocks that rise in an imposing ravine protecting rare and endangered birds and plants. The Tomaros, covered in snow in winter, the blossoming urena lobata in spring (countless in the Douskara area), the brightness in summer, the variety of colours in winter accompany the tourist in the unique monuments of local religious and secular architecture, monasteries, churches, public and private buildings, bridges, mills, wells, fountains. All built in enchanting places often combined with excellent views.
And a pass that is as old as man, between the Kalamas gorge and the Polydrosos pass to and from the West. Closely linked to the fortune of the place from pre-historic times to Ottoman occupation and the Second World War, the area is proud mainly of the great uprising of 1611 (the movement of Dionysios the Philosopher) that cost it its privileges and Byzantine monuments.