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Culture Traditional forms of Art - Professions textliles Epirus Ioannina
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textliles
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06/09/2007
Theoretical-historical approach


In our effort to give a thorough picture of the art of weaving as this was fashioned and developed in the prefecture of Ioannina we must first attempt a brief theoretical approach of the art of weaving in general. The art of weaving is defined as the sum of all methods and....

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06/09/2007
Construction manner of woven articles (materials, tools, prices, etc.)


Of great interest is the analytical presentation of 1) the materials and processing for the construction of yarn, 2) the implements and tools for weaving, 3) weaving and the processes after it, and finally 4) an approach as to cost and prices of the final product.

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06/09/2007
The loom and other implements


Accessories of the loom are the following: 1)Anti: wooden cylinder placed on the front part of the loom and the woven cloth is rolled around it. Along its entire length it has a....

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06/09/2007
Weaving, water beating and the mantani


The stage of weaving. At this point each weaver is the sole creator of her work. She realizes everything she has been taught and all the knowledge that has been handed down to her but she also completes her work with her own personal aesthetics and imagination.

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06/09/2007
Prices and cost


It is difficult to calculate the prices and the cost of woven articles and that is because in their majority woven articles are creations of women of each household. The raw materials are primarily wool which is a product produced within the framework of home animal breeding.

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06/09/2007
Basic types of weaving.


The basic types of weaving in order to understand the evolutionary course of the art of weaving in Ipirus and primarily of the Prefecture of Ioannina.

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06/09/2007
Woven garments – clothing


Those commonly referred to as garments are divided into two large categories a) women’s and b) men’s. Each garment may indicate: a) social position (e.g. engaged, married, newly married, widow etc., b) quality and aesthetics of each region (everyday, wedding celebration),....

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06/09/2007
Woven articles of household use


The other large category of woven materials includes the household effects. In this category many examples are salvaged which allow the creation of a complete picture of the operation of the home but also the specific needs defined by the societal, geographical and anthropological factors. There is a large variety of floor coverings, rugs,....

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06/09/2007
Decoration of woven articles - symbolisms


Characteristic is the decoration of the berntes used as curtains and are made of three panels. It is adorned with a type of arch on its central panel that reminds one of a niche (mihrab), as the berntes has its origin in Turkey. The arch symbolically separates the sky from the earth. Other favourite themes are plants. Indicatively we cite the....

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06/09/2007
Local workshops, groups of craftsmen


And while the creation of fabrics is the exclusive toil and privilege of women, sewing is the work of professionals. The development of sewing was connected to the large and continuous migration from the 16th to the 19th century. The social group of tailors flourished in the 18th and 19th century and was the type of traveling industrial production.

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