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Culture Traditional forms of Art - Professions textliles Epirus Metsovo
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06/09/2007
Theoretical-historical approach


The view that predominated was that the starting point of the art of weaving is in the prehistoric ages and is an evolution of basket-weaving and paper-weaving. For these two techniques tools are not required, they are executed by hand. In reality though there is no archeological testimony that certifies that....

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06/09/2007
Construction manner of woven articles


Despite the development and change of the conditions from time to time in the case of weaving the basic manner of production remains unchanged in the passing of the centuries. The tools (distaff, spindle, loom), the technique (spinning, dyeing, weaving) but also the style (formation, abstraction, symmetry) have basically remained the same.

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06/09/2007
Yarns of animal origin


It is worth making separate mention of Metsovo, one of the most significant weaving centers, if not the most significant, where the sheep wool is called lana di sti oaie and goat wool is called caprina, the white wool is called alba, the black is called laie, lambs wool is called gnitsa, white wool with black hair is called saina, the first wool after birth is called saitallia. A basic separation is also done based on....

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06/09/2007
The carding


In Metsovo the carding was done with the “combs” (Kiaptcagni) that were replaced by the carding machine. The combs were a wooden apparatus made of a wooden plank, on the front side of which there was a cube-shaped apparatus....

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06/09/2007
The loom and other implements


The loom was the basic implement used for weaving. In most homes there was a special area which housed the loom, a tool with which were covered the needs for clothing, household cloths, etc. In rarer cases, due to a lack of space, the loom was taken apart in the summer; a season when weaving did not take place. In these cases the loom had to be set up again in the winter.

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06/09/2007
Weaving, water beating and the mantani


The Ipirus woven textiles and especially those of Metsovo are not ‘woof-faced’, namely their woolen warp can be seen and is not covered. All the decorative themes are worked until the same point at each change of the shuttle. The various coloured areas are connected with....

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06/09/2007
Prices and cost


It is difficult to calculate the prices and the cost of woven articles and that is because in their majority woven articles are creations of women of each household. The raw materials are primarily wool which is a product produced within the framework of home animal breeding.

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06/09/2007
Basic types of weaving.


The skouti: is a durable material appropriate to respond to the increased needs of the animal breeding population. In Metsovo for example this was a woolen material used for self-consumption, called batalliou. This type with the same characteristics is included in the types produced the same time period in the entire Balkans.

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06/09/2007
Human garments and materials for household use


Every area is able to present representative samples of a high level of the art of weaving. Metsovo, Pogoni, Zagoria, Tzoumerka, Ioannina are significant centers....

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06/09/2007
Woven garments – clothing


Those commonly referred to as garments are divided into two large categories a) women’s and b) men’s. Each garment may indicate: a) social position (e.g. engaged, married, newly married, widow etc., b) quality and aesthetics of each region (everyday, wedding celebration),....

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